How to become Junior to Senior Web Developer Roadmap (2020)

Every career has a growth path. If you feel unappreciated as a web developer or feel that your job is not earning you significant benefits, it’s high time you set on a journey to become a senior web developer. Moreover, stakeholders in the web building industry are looking for experts that can solve modern problems in the most innovative ways. Undoubtedly, failure to improve on your web development skills is a sure way to hamper your relevance in the industry.

As a junior web engineer, you are proficient with JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. Besides, you can boast about some projects you have successfully handled by yourself. Nevertheless, you feel that you need to grow your technical skills to meet the growing demands of the industry. What if your boss requires more abilities from you? This is when becoming a senior web engineer becomes inevitable.

However, you want to ensure that you use recommended resources or enroll in accredited courses to upgrade your expertise. Thus said, read on as the article explores the roadmap to follow when transitioning from junior to senior web engineer.

1. Be proficient in SHH

As you probably know, Secure Shell (SHH) is an administration protocol that allows you to remotely control a server, as long as you can access a reliable internet connection. SHH incorporates mechanisms that allow for encrypted communication to and fro the remote server.

In your journey towards becoming a senior web engineer, learn how SHH works and how to use the protocol to connect to remote servers. Besides, be eager to learn about the encryption techniques employed by SHH and the methods it employs to create secure connections.

Encryption techniques manipulate data at various points of a transaction to ensure the safe transmission of data. Secure Shell uses data manipulation methods such as asymmetrical encryption, symmetrical encryption, and hashing. Knowing how to manage SHH keys is a critical requirement for expert web developers.

2. Learn how to improve web performance

Clients look for web engineers that can build well-performing websites that contribute to an appreciable user-experience. Slow-loading sites have poor conversion and user retention, and this subsequently leads to low traffic and sales volumes. Acquire the skills to optimize the performance of your clients’ websites.

Learn how to optimize CSS and javascript. JavaScript can significantly affect in-app performance, download times, user experience, and battery life. Hence, be sure to grasp JavaScript best practices to build well-performing sites and optimize the existing ones. Other means you can use to improve web user-experience are reduction of Document Object Modules (DOM) nodes and using best attributes when including third-party scripts, media, scripts, media, and styles.

There are other several web performance topics to cover in your path towards web development seniority. They include;

  • Cache-control
  • Compression
  • Code splitting
  • Image and video optimization
  • Critical rendering path
  • Content Delivery Networks(CDNs)

Be sure to excel in the above web-performance fields to deliver satisfactory websites to your clients and maintain the demand for your skills. Moreover, you are sure to retain clients for your web developer company.

3. Acquire Advanced JavaScript skills

JavaScript remains a primary programming language for web builders. A passionate web engineer seeks to improve their JavaScript proficiency. Know how to create closures, render readable HTML, and use NameSpaces to prevent conflicts.

By the end of your Advanced JavaScript course, you should know popular data structures and algorithms. Data structures define the organization and storage of data in computers to allow for straightforward access and modification. On the contrary, algorithms define the sequence of operations followed when solving a particular problem.

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Besides, you must know to distinguish between functional programming and object-oriented programming (OPP), including their advantages and disadvantages. It’s also recommended for JavaScript learners to know about the popular functional programming methods.

4. Equip yourself with other relevant technical skills

Being proficient in Advanced JavaScript, SHH, and web performance is not enough to define you as a senior web developer. There are several technical skills you ought to acquire to master web development.

It’s necessary to learn how to develop Progressive Web Apps (PWAs) and the critical things that facilitate the creation of such apps. Besides, know about the typical web test types and tools as well as web test documentation.

Security is a critical concern in web building and management. It’s, therefore, best to arm yourself with skills and knowledge of securing web apps. Know everything about the relational and non-relational databases and ways to manages user logins, sign-ins, and sessions.

Deciding when to use Server Side Rendering (SSR) and Client Side Rendering (CSR) is also part of hard skills that senior web engineers should be keen on acquiring.

5. Build your soft skills

Undoubtedly, hard (technical) skills are not enough to grow your web development career. Any proficient website developer in India knows that interpersonal skills are necessary for career growth.

You can’t travel on the journey to seniority alone. You need to associate with the right professionals in the industry to guide you through the journey. It’s easy to be intimidated by senior developers in your workplace. However, learning how to deal with them and get them to guide you is a sure way to make the most out of their knowledge and skills.

Excellent communication skills will take you far in web development. Whether you are dealing with users and clients or taking part in an interview, be sure that you can communicate ideas effectively and get satisfactory responses. Confidently selling your ideas is a sure way to gain trust from clients and job board members.

Whereas problem-solving may sound like a generic term in web development, it’s complexity in senior developer level is unmatched when compared to a junior level. As you climb up the ladder in web engineering, you will realize that employers and clients will put you in charge of more complex projects with complex issues. It’s no doubt that you will require advanced problem-solving skills to maintain your senior position.


Transitioning from a junior to a senior web developer comes with several benefits. There are high chances of landing well-paying jobs, score advanced projects, and acquire skills to overcome any challenge in the industry.

However, the process takes time and passion. As a dedicated web developer, you will be willing to invest a handsome amount of money in learning advanced skills and knowledge that will keep you at the top. The hard skills and soft skills outlined in the article will be of ultimate assistance in your journey to seniority. Armed with the skill sets, you can be sure to handle a wide variety of problems, manage a team(s), and maintain your relevance at the top.